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READ: Parts of a Newspaper

Parts of Newspaper

Site: Mountain Heights Academy OpenCourseWare
Course: Current Issues Q1 v2010
Book: READ: Parts of a Newspaper
Printed by: Guest user
Date: Monday, 24 July 2017, 6:46 AM

Parts of Newspaper

Parts or sections of the newspaper includes:

  • The News Section
  • The Opinion Section
  • The Entertainment Section
  • The Sport Section
  • The Classified Section
The following pages will explain what type of information is placed in each part of the newspaper.

The News Section

The News Section

news

The News section is always first in a newspaper. News is the reason for the existence of the newspaper so it makes sense that this would be featured most prominently.

The front page is usually devoted to stories from the local community, state, national and international news events. The rest of the section will offer both national and international news.

Next there is a local news section devoted to newsworthy stories from around the region or city the newspaper covers.

A news story always has a lead, which is the first couple of sentences of the article. The lead will always include the most important details of the story: who, what, where, when, why, and how. One can find out what has happened by only reading the lead of an article.

News stories are also supposed to remain objective. The standard of objectivity refers to the prevailing ideology of news-gathering and reporting that emphasizes eyewitness accounts of events, corroboration of facts with multiple sources and balance of viewpoints.



image source:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/stitch/ / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Photojournalism

Photojournalism

normandy

This photo was taken by an official Coast Guard photographer, Robert F. Sargent during one of the first amphibious assault waves at Normandy June 6, 1944. It is considered one of the finest examples of photojournalism today.
(This image or file is a work of a United States Coast Guard service personnel or employee, taken or made during the course of that person's official duties.As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image or file is in the public domain.)

Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a news story. It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, but in some cases the term also refers to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (such as documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by the qualities of:

Timeliness — the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events.

Objectivity — the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both content and tone.

Narrative — the images combine with other news elements to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.

Like a writer, a photojournalist is a reporter but he or she must often make decisions instantly and carry photographic equipment, often while exposed to significant obstacles (physical danger, weather, crowds).


Article Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photojournalism

Opinion Section

The Opinion Section

opinion

Following the local news is the opinion section. Here, the objective, non-biased style of reporting is exchanged for opinion based editorials.

An editorial is a type of journalism article that is meant to persuade the reader to think a certain way about an issue. Editorials can be written about local, national, or international issues. The opinion section will usually include editorials written by prominent national writers. Also included in this section is letter to the editors, where readers are able to get their opinions and viewpoints about issues published in the paper. Editorial cartoons are always a significant part of this section as well.

Editorial Cartoons

Editorial Cartoons

An editorial cartoon, also known as a political cartoon, is an illustration or comic strip containing a political or social message that usually relates to current events or personalities. Editorial cartoons can usually be found on the editorial page of most newspapers, although a few, like Garry Trudeau's Doonesbury are sometimes found on the regular comics page.

Recently, many radical or minority issue editorial cartoonists, who would previously have been obscure, have found large audiences on the internet. Cartoons can be very diverse, but there is a certain established style among most of them. Most use visual metaphors and caricatures to explain complicated political situations, and thus sum up a current event with a humorous or emotional picture.

Here Editorial cartoonist Eric Devericks shows us the process of drawing caricatures of the '08 Presidential Candidates:


Sports Section

The Sports Section

sports

The Sports Section of a newspaper features information on local sports events, including high school sports teams. Also, college level sports are covered in this section, both on a regional and national level. National sports leagues like the NBA, the Major Leagues, NHL, and the NFL are featured on a regular basis. Different days of the week will usually emphasize different sports events. You are more likely to see national teams featured after a weekend when there are more sporting events.

Sports journalism is a form of journalism that reports on sports topics and events. While the sports department within some newspapers has been mockingly called the toy department, because sports journalists do not concern themselves with the 'serious' topics covered by the news desk, sports coverage has grown in importance as sport has grown in wealth, power and influence.

Sports journalism is an essential element of any news media organization. Sports journalism includes organizations devoted entirely to sports reporting — newspapers such as L'Equipe in France, La Gazzetta dello Sport in Italy, Marca in Spain, and American magazines such as Sports Illustrated and the Sporting News, all-sports talk radio stations, and television networks such as Eurosport, ESPN and The Sports Network (TSN).

Sports teams are not always very accommodating to journalists: in the United States, while they allow reporters into locker rooms for interviews and some extra information, sports teams provide extensive information support, even if reporting it is unfavorable to them.

Elsewhere in the world, particularly in the coverage of soccer, the journalist's role is often barely tolerated by the clubs and players. For example, despite contractual media requirements in the English Premier League, prominent managers Sir Alex Ferguson (of Manchester United) and Harry Redknapp (first at Portsmouth, now at Tottenham) have refused to conduct post-match interviews with the BBC because of unfavorable coverage by the television channel's news department.

As with reporters on other news beats, sports journalism involves investigating the story, rather than simply relying on press releases and prepared statements from the sports team, coaching staff, or players. Sports journalists verify facts given to them by the athletes, teams, leagues, or organizations they are covering.

Access for sports journalists is usually easier for North American professional and intercollegiate sports such as football, ice hockey, basketball and baseball where the commercial relationship between media coverage and increased ticket, merchandise, or advertising sales, is better understood.


Article source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sports_journalism
Image source:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/kh-67/ / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Entertainment Section

The Entertainment Section

entertainment

The Entertainment Section of a newspaper has feature articles that can focus on different aspects of culture.

Human Interest stories are most likely to appear in this section. A human interest story is a feature story that discusses a person or persons in an interactive and/or emotional way. It presents people and their problems, concerns, or achievements in a way that brings about interest or sympathy in the reader or viewer.

Diverse topics as food, fashion, the arts, trends, music, film, gaming, and a variety of other interests are likely to appear in the entertainment section. Comics, advice columns and horoscopes will usually be included in this section.


image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marfis75/ / CC BY-SA 2.0

Classifieds

The Classifieds

classifieds

Classified advertising is a form of advertising which is particularly common in newspapers, online and other periodicals, e.g. free ads papers. Classified advertising differs from standard advertising or business models in that it allows private individuals (not simply companies or corporate entities) to solicit sales for products and services.

Classified advertising is usually text-only and can consist of as little as the type of item being sold and a telephone number to call for more information. It can also have much more detail, such as name to contact, address to contact or visit, a detailed description of the product or products ("pants and sweaters, size 10" as opposed to "clothing", "red 1996 Pontiac Grand Prix" as opposed to "automobile"). There are generally no pictures or other graphics within the advertisement, although sometimes a logo may be used.

Classified advertising is called such because it is generally grouped within the publication under headings classifying the product or service being offered (headings such as Accounting, Automobiles, Clothing, Farm Produce, For Sale, For Rent, etc.) and is grouped entirely in a distinct section of the periodical, which makes it distinct from display advertising, which often contains graphics or other art work and which is more typically distributed throughout a publication adjacent to editorial content.

In 2003, the market for classified ads in the United States was $15.9 billion (newspapers), $14.1 billion (online) according to market researcher Classified Intelligence. Newspapers have continued their downward trend in classifieds revenue as internet classifieds grow. Research from The Washington Post.com tells us that classified advertising at some of the larger newspaper chains has dropped 14% to 20% in 2007 while traffic to classified sites has grown 23%.


Article source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classifieds
Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/drewm/ / CC BY-NC 2.0