Emancipation is the act of freeing or state of being freed; liberation. Read the Emancipation Proclamation from 1863. After the Union Army's victory at Antietam, President Lincoln issued a preliminary decree outlining that the rebellious states need to return to the Union by January 1. If they did not return, freedom would be granted to slaves within those states. The Confederate states did not return, and Lincoln issued the emancipation Proclamation in January 1. The Emancipation Proclamation declared, "all persons held as slaves within any States, or designated part of the State, the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."

The Proclamation did not free all the slaves. It declared those slaves living in states not under Union control as free. This proclamation was akin to military strategy. This proclamation also allowed soldier to fight for the Union and tied the issued of slavery to the Civil War.

Last modified: Thursday, 14 June 2012, 4:20 PM