Newspapers in Europe

The first newspaper was written by Johann Carolus. It was titled Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien and was published in 1605 in Strasbourg, Austria.

Other newspapers came along with Germany creating one in 1609. The Netherlands was also a hotbed of journalism with the first English-language newspaper being published in 1620. France's first newspaper, La Gazette, emerged in 1631. Post- och Inrikes Tidningar (founded as Ordinari Post Tijdender) was first published in Sweden in 1645, and is the oldest newspaper still in existence, though it now publishes solely online.

The 1700s was a century in which market elements were created that encouraged the development of daily newspapers: rising literacy, the formation of nation-states, a developing postal system, the proliferation of urban centers, a rising literary and philosophical tradition emphasizing democratic involvement in government, and technologies that supported newspaper production. In short, it was a great news century.

The first daily newspaper was The Daily Courant in London, 1702. In 1754, The Daily Advertiser in London uses the first four-column format. France's first daily newspaper appears in 1777,and was known as the Journal de Paris.

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Last modified: Thursday, 14 June 2012, 4:20 PM